• Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of a jute plant. There are three basic steps required for fabric production. So they are first converted into yarns which are longer, thicker and stronger. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Yarns are the continuous, strands produced from a short and staple fibres. Figure 5 shows the bonding of nonoven fabric. Making of Fabric, Fibre to Fabric, Class 6. One such example is given. These materials vary in their sizes and texture and form a suitable for knitting, weaving or otherwise intertwining to form textile fabrics. Fibres are made from the yarns. There are two types of wool yarn that make different fabrics: woolen and worsted. Passage - 2 The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. • Cotton fibres are made from cotton ball. 3.1. ACTIVITY 10.1 We use these yarns to make fabrics. Spinning is done in the same way as the wicks are made from cotton wool at homes. Yarns are made up of a number of fibres twisted together. Opening is the process of reducing compressed cotton fibres from a bale into smaller-fibre tufts. Detailed definitions and manufacturing principles for different types of yarns are provided. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The fibres are then further separated in a blending machine; this separates different grades of cotton to be blended, processes and spun into yarn. If weaving is used to make the fabric, the warp yarns are assembled onto a beam. Your email address will not be published. Yarns are made from both natural and synthetic fibre, in filament or staple form.Filament is fibre of great length, including the natural fibre silk and the synthetic fibres. Yarns are woven together to make a fabric. Other cotton fibres and myself were made into yarn by the process of _____. Match the terms given in Column I with the statements given in Column II. 38. Similarly , there are many other fibres available to us, which can be used to make cloth and we will learn about these in the next section. This process is known as the spinning of cotton yarns. To make fabric, we have to first convert the cotton fibres into yarns by which of the following process? 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN You can try making cotton yar n yourself. The fleece is sheared from the sheep, scoured, carded, combed and spun into yarn. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-84569-931-4.00008-8. • Making yarn from fibre is called spinning. Fibres are thin and small and cannot be made into a fabric directly. The yarn was _____to give beautiful colours and then_____to get cotton fabric. One such example is given. Cotton fibres are converted into several intermediary products before a cotton-containing end-product is produced. In weaving 2 sets of yarns are interlaced to from the fabric. Fibres are thin and small and cannot be made into a fabric directly. The conventional systems for processing staple fibre into spun yarns are those developed for cotton and wool: opening, carding, drawing, combing, roving and spinning. (d) Sufi saint Kabir was a weaver. 1. There are varieties of textile fibres derived from various natural and man-made sources. For full treatment, see textile: Production of yarn. 5. The yarn was _____to give beautiful colours and then_____to get cotton fabric. Answer 2 (b) Question 3. Natural fibers—cotton, flax, silk, and wool—represent the major fibers available to ancient civilizations. The first step in creating fabric is yarn production. The process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric is called weaving. The 2 main processes are weaving and knitting. (i) Leaves of trees (ii) Newspaper (iii) Metal foils This brings the tiny fibres together to form a long and twisted thread called ‘yarn’. • A yarns is a continuous strand made up of a number of fibres which are twisted together 19. 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN. A fibre is a fine hair like strand and is the basic unit of textiles from which we make yarns and then the fabric. Match the terms given in Column I with the statements given in Column II. • Opening: This is the basic operation in the spinning of yarn from raw fibres. Pinch some cotton between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand. We use these yarns to make fabrics. are drawn out and twisted. The fibres best suited for textile weaving typically measure between 1 to 1 3/4 inches long; the first destination for these fibres is the carding machine. The yarn for the production of woolen loden fabrics is characterized by its bulky and soft appearance. These fibres are converted into yarns to make fabrics (Fig). Yarns are made up of a number of fibres twisted together. (i) Leaves of trees (ii) Newspaper (iii) Metal foils (iv) Animal skins and furs (a) (i) … Weaving / Knitting / making of non wovens Then the yarn is made into fabric. In fact, some nonwoven products are subjected to both textile and p aper industry . 37. The former, with a number of filaments of around 275, can be converted into a … ↓ The yarns are then used to make fabrics by weaving and knitting. 3. Solution: (b): In India, jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Andhra Pradesh. To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. It may have existed in Egypt as early as 12,000 B.C. (c) To make fabric, the fibres are first converted into yarns. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Yarns are usually converted into fabrics, either by weaving or knitting. That thread which was made of fibres is called yarn. fibres. A bundle of endless stainless steel fibers can be converted to yarns by textile spinning processes. You can try making cotton yarn yourself. Activity 4 Hold some cotton wool in one hand. To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. Improve your learning 1. Appropriate yarn structures and manufacturing technologies are selected for required applications and properties. Raw jute fibres are red in colour. Textile - Textile - Conversion to yarn: Because filaments, such as silk and the synthetic fibres, have extreme length, they can be made into yarn without the spinning operation necessary for the shorter staple fibres. Fabric is … Important Questions on Fibre to Fabrics. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Fiber is the smallest unit of a fabric. 36. • The process of removing seeds from cotton wool is called ginning. Processing of a Fibre into Fabric. To be made into fabric, wool undergoes several processes. Here, the raw materials that have been harvested and processed are transformed from raw fibers into yarn and threads. Answer: The devices on which weaving of fabrics takes place are called looms. This brings the fibres together to form a yam. 6. These fibres are spun into continuous strands called as yarns, by imparting twist. The longer fibres are made into wool for sweaters and the shorter fibres are spun and woven into woollen cloth. The stems rot (the process is called retting) and fibres are separated by hand. 81 Science VI Class converted into yarn. Fill in the names of useful items made from jute fibres in Fig. Spun yarns can contain a single type of fibre, or you can spin various types of fibre together to give you a blend. Spinning can be done both by hands and by machines. Which of the following materials did people use in ancient times for making clothes? There are two forms of yarn: one with a low amount of fibers and one with a high amount of fibers. (a) Use of charkha was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi as a part of the Independence movement (b) In India, jute is mainly grown in Kerala and Punjab (c) To make fabric, the fibres are first converted into yarns (d) Sufi Saint Kabir was a weaver Solution: (b) In India, jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. (c) Spinning (iii) Yarns are made from these thin strands (d) Ginning (iv) These are spun from fibres and then used to make fabrics (e) Fibre (v) Process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric (f) Yarn (vi) Process of making yarn from fibres 23. Particular emphasis is given to various types of fancy yarns, which are described with suitable diagrams and detailed explanations of their manufacturing methods. Cotton has also been cultivated and used to make fabrics for at least 7,000 years. The cotton fibres are then converted into rope-like loose strands. Yarns … FIBRES Fibres … The yarn is then woven on a loom to create wool fabric. Question: What are looms? The strands are twisted to make yarns. So they are first converted into yarns which are longer, thicker and stronger. 3.1. Bobbin is the wooden or plastic reels on which yarn is wound. When grouped together in a loose, continuous rope without twist, synthetic filaments are called tow. The process of making fabric or cloth by arranging yarns at right angles to them, is called weaving.The process of making a fabric by interlocking loops of single yarn with knitting needles or machines, is called knitting. The stems of harvested plants are bundled and immersed in water for 10 to 15 days. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Weft is … In case of staple-fibre yarns, manufacturing technologies including ring, rotor, air-jet spinning and Vortex spinning are explained together with the type of yarn structures obtained from the respective technologies and their end-uses. 1. A brief treatment of yarn follows. All these fibres are first converted into yarns to make fabrics. This process is also called warping. In the process of spinning, fibres from a mass of cotton (or wool, silk, etc.) Fragments of cotton fabrics have been found by a… Filaments may be loosely twisted together to form yarns of a specified thickness. Spinning is the process of converting fibres into yarn by twisting the fibre using various machines. To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. The stems of harvested plants are bundled and immersed in water for 10 to 15 days. 2. How is it done? After many different colours of finest Australian Merino wool fibres have been blended and carded, ring spinning frames twist them into woolen yarns and into the desired fineness. The fabrics are made from fibres in the following two steps : (i) Fibres are first converted to yarn by the process of spinning. (c) To make fabric, the fibres are first converted into yarns. The jute plant is normally harvested at flowering stage. • Handlooms or power looms are used in weaving fabrics. Hi, I am going to write the primary properties essential for a fibre to be spun in to a yarn. The fibres of cotton and wool have many folds and uneven surfaces. ( most properties in synthetic fibres can be controlled to process them into different types of yarns. The chapter describes different types of yarns in terms of their structures, properties and applications. The process of twisting the fibres together into yarn is called spinning and it was one of the first processed to be industrialised. 2. These fibres are converted into yarns to make … At spinning mills, cotton fibres are first converted into different types of yarns At fabric mills, yarns are woven or knitted into fabrics At manufacturing factories, fabrics are cut and sewn into … Spinning: The process of making yarn from fibre is called spinning. In the case of synthetic continuous-filament yarns, manufacturing methods including melt spinning, wet spinning, dry spinning and gel spinning techniques are explained and different forms of continuous-filament yarns are dealt with, such as flat yarns, textured yarns, bi-component yarns and split tape or film yarns. Question 3. Selina Concise Mathematics Class 10 ICSE Solutions 2020-21, Human Eye and Colourful World Class 10 Extra Questions with Answers Science Chapter 11, Download Social Science Notes PDF for CBSE Class 6 to Class 10 Quick Revision, Science Notes | Quick Revision Notes for CBSE Class 6 to Class 10 Science – Free PDF Download, Download CBSE Maths Notes for 6 to 12 Classes | NCERT Maths Quick Revision Notes for Class 6 to 12 Free PDF, MCQ Questions for Class 11 Economics with Answers Chapter Wise PDF Download, Download All Chapters Social Science NCERT Solutions Pdf for Class 6 to Class 10, Science NCERT Solutions Class 6 to Class 10 Chapterwise Free PDF Download, Downlaod Free NCERT Solutions for Class 6 to Class 12 Maths | NCERT Maths Textbook Solutions PDF, Free Class 11 & Class 12 Chapterwise Physics NCERT Solutions PDF Download, Concise Mathematics Class 10 ICSE Solutions. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. Log in, Concise Mathematics Class 10 ICSE Solutions 2018. Which of the following materials did people use in ancient times for making clothes? (d) Sufi saint Kabir was a weaver. In spinning, fibre from a mass of cotton or wool are drawn out and twisted. 4. (ii) Fabric is made from yarn by the process of weaving or knitting. 35. Fill in the names of useful items made from jute fibres in Fig. They are made from both natural and synthetic fibres. technologies, to form and bond polymers, fibres, filaments, yarns or combination sheets into a flexible, porous structure. The earliest known samples of yarn and fabric of any kind were found near Robenhausen, Switzerland, where bundles of flax fibers and yarns and fragments of plain-weave linen fabric, were estimated to be about 7,000 years old. Hold some cotton wool in one hand. Question 2: Which statement out of the following is incorrect? 3.1. 39. Pinch some cotton between the thumb an d forefinger of the other hand. Other cotton fibres and myself were made into yarn by the process of _____. Activity 4. This is done by spinning the fibers. The stems rot (the process is called retting) and fibres are separated by hand. Fill in the names of useful items made from jute fibres in Fig. How is it done? Fabric are made from yarn by two main processes : 1 Weaving 2 Knitting. Flax and jute have fibres on its fruits. Fibres are first converted into yarn by the process of spinning. Hold some cotton between the thumb an d forefinger of the following materials did use! Icse Solutions to make fabric the fibres are first converted into yarns by hands and by machines yarns or combination sheets into fabric! Strand made up of a jute plant if weaving is used to make for. Compressed cotton fibres and myself were made into yarn and threads suitable diagrams and detailed of! Brings the tiny fibres together to form a long and twisted and it was one of the following materials people! 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