A 5 pin connector for DMX512 use has the following connections: pin 1 = screen, pin 2 = data -ve ('cold'), pin 3 = data +ve ('hot'), pin 4 and 5 are not used by many manufacturers. Wikipedia entry. Wiring, temporarily rigged, to carry electrical current. Flicker Flame: Irregularly slotted rotating metal disc through which light is shone onto a prism-type piece of glass which scatters the beam of light and adds the 'dancing' effect of firelight to a scene. Also known as a Beam Projector. BLEED THROUGHTransformation from a scene downstage of a gauze to another scene upstage, by slowly crossfading lighting from downstage to upstage. 3) An independently controllable section of a manual lighting board which allows the setting up of a lighting state before it is needed. FOCUS SPOTTerm for both Fresnel and PC type lanterns with adjustable beam size.Types of lantern. Should not be used on coiled cables or equipment. Gerb: version of the Roman Candle firework, throwing a shower of sparks into the air. A chase can be produced easily by the effects functions of a computerised lighting desk. Front Perch, Rear Perch, SL Perch etc). Cyclorama: a curved backdrop, sometimes made of cloth, used to create background scenery with colored light and images projected onto it. The Get Out is also known as Load Out (USA) or Bump Out (AUS.) FLOORCANSA PARCAN with an extra trunnion arm / yoke, and often a short nose, which is designed to sit on the floor. (pronounced "Fre-nell") Modern safety legislation (UK) requires that the lamp tray cannot be opened until power is disconnected. FLASH PAPERFlash paper is fast-burning nitrocellulose (Cellulose Nitrate) which is used by stage magicians to produce a flash of flame safely. There are hundreds of gobo designs available - common examples are breakup (foliage), windows and scenic (neon signs, city scapes etc.). Interesting dynamics between different characters in the play can be explored using various levels. DIMMER PER CIRCUITA lighting installation where there is no patching system. The button is usually labelled GO. (eg 8.5 is inserted between cues 8 and 9). Protective device for electrical equipment (E.g. OUTRIGGER In the UK, a flashing Red light means stand-by or warn, green light means go. Lighting Effects. Term probably originates from a FRENCH FLAG. 'What's the nearest dip circuit to downstage left so I can plug the birdie in?') Standard domestic power connector in the UK. Strobes must never be used in public areas where there are changes of level or steps. Sometimes known as a 'TALLEY'. Lighting Cue, Fly Cue or Sound Cue. If it's not possible to get Rate of Rise detectors installed in your theatre space instead of smoke detectors, you may be able (subject to local building regulations and local fire department advice) to isolate the smoke detectors for the duration of the performance when you use smoke effects. In theatrical lighting terms a circuit usually refers to the part of a lighting circuit which extends from the dimmer to the lighting instrument. T coded lamps are for theatrical use, and have a colour temperature of 3000°K. GATE1) The point of focus in a profile spot where the shutters are positioned and where an iris or gobo can be inserted. 3) Gobos : See GOBO. The furthest from the audience is literally higher due to the slope of the stage, so moving from close to the audience involves walking up the raked stage, towards 'Upstage'. Lightning: Created through the use of strobe sources or LED floods. French: contre-plong Tracking VideoCue Only Video, CUE TO CUE(also known as 'Topping and Tailing') Venues have a base plan showing proscenium, walls, seating etc on which individual set and lighting plans can be drawn. If you’re unfamiliar with some of these lighting terms, check out our Glossary of Basic Lighting Terms — for Musicians! 2) An independently controllable … Floods are used in battens, or singly to light cycloramas or large areas of the stage. 1) Connector which allows two or more electrical devices to be connected to a single power outlet. A higher wattage lamp requires more power and gives a brighter light output. 1) Moving Head: A luminaire is mounted on a moving yoke which can pan side to side and can tilt the luminaire through a range. Often abbreviated to the Tech. GROUNDROW1) A long piece of scenery positioned at the base of a backcloth usually to mask the very bottom of a cloth or lanterns lighting a cloth. HOOK CLAMP FIRST ELECTRIC(US) The first LX bar upstage of the proscenium arch. Used for rigging lanterns, focusing etc. Usually three-legged telescopic stand on which lighting equipment can be mounted. Member of the show crew who runs the lighting board during the show for the Electrics Team. Touring shows sometimes use a floorcloth marked out with focus information to aid speedy focussing in a new venue. On a lighting desk, levels range from 0% to 100% (also known as FULL). Leko in the Backstage Heritage Collection archive. An old form of secondary suspension used on rigged equipment. In a fully patchable system, the circuit number (also known as socket number) can be connected to any of a wide range of dimmers. In the film industry, the word gobo can be used as a verb (e.g. INTERNALLY WIRED BAR (IWB)A Scaffolding bar (aluminium) which has a number of sockets (usually 15A in the UK) positioned along its length, the wiring for which is contained within the bar. COVERLighting that does a particular job during the show. (UK) The Association of British Theatre Technicians, which was formed in 1961 as a charity, to provide a forum for discussion among theatre technicians, architects and managers of all disciplines, and disseminate information of a technical nature, to all its members.ABTT Website. Lamps: lighting term for light bulbs used in theatrical equipment Fixtures: the light fixture holding the bulbs; if it has no lens it is called an 'open-face fixture'. Costumes are sometimes used where they may cause technical problems (eg Quick changes). A dimmer rack can be set to respond to any control channel by setting its start address (known as "addressing" the rack). 2) Tip Ring Sleeve. An infra-red-sensitive CCTV camera can pick up body heat activity even in a 'blackout'. 1) The part of the stage furthest from the audience. Some scrollers have cooling fans to prolong the life of the gel string. A profile lantern with an elliptical reflector and at least one lens. PICK-UP1) Device which, when attached to an acoustic musical instrument, converts sound vibrations into an electrical signal. It's not necessary for anyone to be highly skilled in all of the crafts, but an understanding of the whole picture is very helpful, and knowing when to call in a specialist (and where to find them) is vital. I'll only be a couple of minutes'). LIGHTING PLANA scale drawing detailing the exact location of each lantern used in a production and any other pertinent information (E.g. A list of the instruments / lanterns used on a show. Three rectangular metal contacts (live, neutral and earth) with a fuse built-in (2A, 3A, 5A, 7A, 10A or 13A fuses are interchangable). See MULTIPLEX SIGNAL for more. BUMPA flash or sudden jump in light level (a snap cue) (see also FLASH BUTTON). A size - 100mm outside diameter / 75mm image diameter A 500W lantern (usually Fresnel or PC) - K refers to Kilowatt (1000 Watts). See also SPOT. Several different types of stage lighting instruments are used in this discipline. Abbreviated to DC. C CLAMP / C-CLAMP Articulation The clear and precise pronunciation of words. ADAPTOR1) Connector which allows two or more electrical devices to be connected to a single power outlet. For example, 'Pass me the doofer so I can sort this thingy'. FUSE SCREEN (PROJECTION)Many types of projection screen are available. 2) The act of being on the stage (e.g. A single moving light unit. (Lee 117) (e.g. SMOKE MACHINEA Smoke Machine or Fogger is an electrically powered unit which produces clouds of white non-toxic fog (available in different flavours/smells) by the vaporisation of mineral oil. WATTSUnit of electrical power derived from the current (or 'quantity' of electricity) multipled by the voltage (or 'pressure' at which the current is delivered). 3) A function in lighting control software / systems  which holds the start of a cue (or part of a cue) for a specified time. The UK standard for wiring the 3 pin connector is as follows : Pin 1 (Screen), Pin 2 (+ve / 'hot'), Pin 3 (-ve, 'cold'). PAT TESTShort for Portable Appliance Test. PULLThe amount of electrical power required by a touring show in a venue. Among the older protocols (before DMX512) are: P2 coded lamps are photofloods, and have a colour temperature of 3000°K. When taking curtain calls, the Stage Manager would instruct the head flyman 'On the Bounce Please' for all calls prior to the final call, which was always 'Hand over Hand', i.e. Lensless lantern which uses a parabolic reflector and a low voltage high intensity lamp to produce an intense near-parallel beam. 1) The construction or arrangement of lighting equipment for a particular production.(noun). Most computer lighting desks have the ability to either insert an additional cue in a sequence, or to link to another cue out of the sequence, and then link back again. LX1 in the UK (first bar upstage of the proscenium arch) is FIRST ELECTRIC in the US. If a gauze is lit steeply, or from the sides, it will appear solid. Shutters (normally four) are located in the gate at the centre of the lantern. A scale drawing showing a piece of scenery, the whole set, lighting layout etc from above. A bounce doesn't need to be seamless, whereas a cyclorama should be. A lighting cue is given by the stage manager which initiates the change from one lighting state to the next. Also useful for fault-finding, and for getting everything to a known position either at the end of the day, or when plotting a new cue. (Trade Name) A retractable alloy vertical ladder on an adjustable wheeled base. This can also apply to the fast blackout/lights up cues that happen at curtain calls. See also working lights. A cue taken by a technician from the action on stage rather than being cued by the stage manager. DIMMERElectrical or electronic device which controls the amount of electricity passed to a lantern, and therefore the intensity of the lamp.Dimmers in the Backstage Heritage Collection Archive. See also CP, T, P2, K. ABTT Tickets are sold at reduced price and help to spread word of mouth interest in the show. An electric current that reverses direction in a circuit at regular intervals. Libraries of slides contain images for every occasion. Border strips give even, often colored, light across the stage using a light bar strip. See FILL LIGHT. A self-adhesive tape version is also available. See also PHOTOFLOOD, CP, A1, T, K. Connecting more than one lantern to one power outlet via an adaptor or splitter, or more than one speaker to one amplifier channel. Better than a full blackout, especially if the scene change is well choreographed. Neater and cheaper than Gaffa tape. Also known as a Dimmer Layout or Magic Sheet. 'The third spot we need for the show is on the piano DSL') REFLECTORHighly polished metallic mirror used to direct light beam from a lamp towards the lens at the front of a lantern. Blue is 230V, Red is 415V (3 phase). A clamp with a wing bolt for hanging a lantern on a horizontal lighting bar, so that it hangs below the bar. It is difficult to start a running plot half way through; often the operator has to go back to the beginning and work through until the required point is reached. The three contacts on a stereo jack audio connector. "Go get me a 10m TRS" usually means "Please get me a 10m length of 15A power cable" (in the UK, at least)). A lighting effect which, when an area is diffused with smoke, produces a wall of light. A rotatable attachment consisting of two or four metal flaps (hinged) which is fixed to the front of a Fresnel or PC type lantern to cut off the beam in a particular direction(s). Audition and Rehearsal Terms. A standard white cloth or sheet can be used, but the image will be dimmer than it would be from the front, and (most importantly) the projector lens will be visible as a bright hot spot in the projection. Sometimes known as a 'Twofer'. GOING DARK1) See DARK. There must be an air gap between the Heat Shield and the gel, or it will not be effective.Rosco website, HOMEOn some lighting desks, the default position / intensity / status for any fixture or dimmer can be set, so you can easily reset a wayward fixture to where you want it to be, or to a position where you can set it to a new location / colour easily. BOARDThe main control for the stage lighting. (Trade name) Manufactured by Strong International - a range of high intensity followspots designed for large scale permanent installations or large touring shows. The term now refers to the digital equivalent - taking multiple audio tracks and mixing them together at their set levels onto a single (pair of) tracks. A colour filter is sometimes known as a Gel, after the animal material Gelatine, from which filters were originally made. The original lighting designer may be present at the second venue on the tour, to check the work of the relighter. An adaptor screwed onto the hanging bolt of an instrument to enable it to be used on an upright stand. CIRCUIT1) The means by which a lantern is connected to a dimmer or patch panel. Low voltage battens are commonly used as light curtains & for colour washes. 'Could you spot that down a touch, please?'). See FILL LIGHT. A cue is a signal, as for an actor to go onstage or undertake some audible activity offstage that … 'Focus that spot offstage a bit please'). 2) The equipment connected to a dimmer. Touring shows sometimes use a floorcloth marked out with focus information to aid speedy focussing in a new venue. PATCH PANELA board consisting of rows of sockets into which plugs can be connected to route sound signals or power for lighting circuits. A SIGHT PICKUP is made visually by the operator to a preset position. While some of these are terms for equipment, knowledge of them will assist in explaining more complicated lighting technology as we go. Lanterns hung at the very ends of lighting bars - used for crosslight and very common in dance or musical theatre. The bump cue is sometimes called a 'button'. TALLESCOPE GO BUTTON1) A button on a lighting or automation control console that executes a cue. Also known as ERS / E.R.S. Previews are used to run the show with an audience before the press are allowed in to review the show. Most common widths are .5 inch for marking out areas and 2 inch (usually black) for everything else. (See SVOBODA, DIGITAL LIGHT CURTAIN)Light Curtains in the Backstage Heritage Collection. a stained glass window). Produced (usually) by a batten of low voltage lamps wired in series. The decibel (dB) scale is a measure of sound intensity. It could be short for Go-Between, as the gobo goes between the lamp and the lens. Sometimes a beam light or other lantern may be used in the same way. 'Can you flag that please ?') Join Downtown Sacramento Partnership … Shutters: moveable attachments that cover part or all of a fixture to control the output and shape of the light beam. Consists of multipin connector (typically Socapex or Lectriflex), short length of cable, then a number of sockets related to the number of circuits in the cable. These splitters are always wired parallel (voltage equal, current shared). Stage lighting equipment is rated in Watts (or Kilowatts - 1kW being equal to 1000W). Also known as DUTY LX. This allows technical problems to be ironed out while ensuring the cast and creative team get audience feedback. The use of SMOKE MACHINES in these spaces can (and does) result in expensive call-outs of the fire department and evacuated auditoria. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. 2) A headphone and microphone combination used in such communications systems with a beltpack. THEATRE VOCABULARY Actor/Actress A male or female person who performs a role in a play, work of theatre, or movie. (Trade name) Manufactured by Strong International - a range of high intensity followspots designed for large scale permanent installations or large touring shows. The numbers bear no direct relation to their size or type (although lanterns of a similar design may have similar Pattern numbers.) FADE OUTA slow dimming of the lights, ending in blackout. All pyrotechnics should be used with close reference to local licensing laws, and the manufacturers instructions. FRESNEL Remotely controllable. Abbreviated to CLX in some UK venues. Cyan / Magenta / Yellow - the three secondary (additive) colours of light which are used in moving lights for colour mixing. (e.g. An accidentally unlit portion of the stage. 3) A journal published between 1979 and 1988. A lighting or sound cue with no fade time - the cue happens instantly. Now commonplace, and in some cases rendered unnecessary as lighting control moves to standard laptops running software such as ETC's EOS. STAGECRAFTStagecraft refers to any technical aspect of theatre production (and also sometimes refers to film / TV production). Sometimes abbreviated to Xfade or XF. Enables two identical 110 Volt loads to be safely run from a 240 Volt supply (UK). Elevation. Lighting on a particular item or area on stage, to make it stand out or for aesthetic reasons, rather than to light an actor or functional area. Ellipsoidal — Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight (ERS), is a light used to highlight certain subjects or stage pieces with a relatively narrow beam angle. Infra-red remote controls are used for lighting desks and practicals. There is no abbreviation for onstage (as it is too easily confused with offstage). Also known as Duct Tape. See also FADE OUT. A large shallow circular box with calico cloth on one face and low wattage lamps arranged on the back. UK mains electricity is AC and changes direction 50 times per second (that is, the frequency is 50Hz).See also DIRECT CURRENT. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. US term for the blue working lights used backstage during a performance. (Known in the UK as LX1). See also FRONT LIGHT, BACKLIGHT, CROSSLIGHT, DOWNLIGHT. Flagging is particularly useful in high ambient light levels. See also PAN.2) Feature on pinball machines which detects excessive movement of the case. 2) All lanterns which are on the audience side of the proscenium and are focussed towards the stage. The member of the stage management team calling the cues will say "Standby Sound Cue 12". SAFETY CHAIN PC refers to a lantern with a PC lens. may be suspended. These project the pattern onto the stage to create various effects. The fader is designed to be operated at it's optimal position which is labelled 0dB. See ZARGES. The single letter 'k' is often used to represent 'kilowatt'. UPSTAGE PRESET1) Anything in position before the beginning of a scene or act (eg Props placed on stage before the performance, lighting state on stage as the audience are entering.) Used for cleaning and setting up the auditorium before the house lights (usually more atmospheric) are switched on. A connection at the end of a multicore cable which allows the connection of many items to it. US = Upstage, USC = Upstage Centre. DRAMATIC PAUSEA brief pause (a few beats) in an actors' delivery of a line to emphasise a moment or to heighten anticipation. (colloquial term) Theatre / Rock & Roll lighting technician. The process of giving verbal cues to the lighting, sound, fly operators and stage crew during the performance. Once defined, the focus point can easily be recalled and used in multiple cues. Rosco make a range called Hamburg Frost - see link below. See also CANS. Connecting lanterns to dimmers. The connection is normally parallel, that is, each device is fed the same voltage, but the current is divided between them. CHINAGRAPH PENCILUsually white, wax-based pencil used for marking magnetic tape prior to splicing. Sometimes used for cueing actors onto the set. 2) A lighting position above the auditorium, commonly with a catwalk above it to access lighting equipment and electrical systems is known in Dutch as a Zaalbrug. 'at the end of the dance number we restore to a warm general cover'). 2) Using a cross-connect panel which enables any stage lighting channels to the control desk to control any dimmer or group of dimmers. In German, ZUGSTANGE. Using the 'Haas Effect' the audience cannot detect the sound as amplified. In permanent installations where this is a fixed relationship (dimmer-per-circuit) the terms … 2) The term Delay Line refers to the equipment that is used to produce the delayed sound signal. The Parcan is literally a cylinder of metal (the "can") within which sits the PAR lamp (PAR stands for Parabolic Aluminised Reflector) which consists of the bulb, a reflector and a lens in a sealed unit. See also FLOATS. A DRY TECH is without actors to rehearse the integration of lighting, scenic changes etc. DIGITALMany electronic devices use digital logic. A quick fade is a couple of seconds long. There must be an air gap between the Heat Shield and the gel, or it will not be effective. 3200°K and standard incandescent lamps are 2800°K. EDISON SCREW (ES)Circular threaded lamp holder which is one of the standard fittings for domestic light bulbs. DOOFERAn object or tool that you're not sure of the correct name for. A view from the side of the set (or a piece of scenery) is known as an ELEVATION. (The number refers to the diameter of the lens, in eighths of an inch, so a PAR64 lamp is 8 inches across). in the home). A PAPER TECH is a session without the set or actors when the technical and design team talk through the show ensuring everything's going to work as planned. A cue that happens so soon after a previous cue, that it doesn't need to be cued separately. Marking on lighting bar each foot (12 inches) to make rigging more accurate. Stage lighting equipment uses prefocus lamp bases. MOVING LIGHTRemotely controllable "intelligent" lighting instrument. Some theatre spaces have smoke detectors in them, which trigger a fire alarm when the space fills with smoke. Sometimes known as the Balcony Rail position. Sometimes known as the Balcony Rail position. A.L.D. FEED1) A power supply to a piece of equipment or installation is termed a 'feed'. Another great leap forward !. 2) Any signal (spoken line, action or count) that indicates another action should follow (i.e. Background light. 2) Shaped piece of scenery added to the edge of a flat instead of a straight edge. A running brail was a breast which allowed the flown piece still to fly in or out, in its new position. ESTA(US) Entertainment Services and Technology Association. Uses 5 pin XLR, and is a digital multiplexed signal (rather than the analogue multiplex that AMX used). Cloth with a relatively coarse weave. (e.g. See Bifocal Spot, Zoom Profile. A framework of alloy bars and triangular cross-bracing (usually of scaffolding diameter) providing a rigid structure, particularly useful for hanging lights where no permanent facility is available. See also BACKLIGHT. FADE DOWNA slow dimming of the lights to a lower level, but not all the way to blackout. GAFFER TAPE / GAFFA TAPEUbiquitous sticky cloth tape. CHIEF ELECTRICIANThe senior member of the theatre's stage lighting team, although not necessarily the lighting designer. Stand-by 'Sound Cue 19' (Stand-by first) See also STRAW. A Preset Checklist is used by stage management and all other technical teams, to ensure that everything is correctly set to start the show. For example, 'Pass me the doofer so I can sort this thingy'. Interface unit between the serial digital output of a memory lighting control desk to the parallel analogue signal understood by a non-digital dimmer. Lower section of the body of a theatre lantern on which the lamp holder is mounted. Also applicable to sound cables. The cues are written in the prompt script. On some lighting desks, the default position / intensity / status for any fixture or dimmer can be set, so you can easily reset a wayward fixture to where you want it to be, or to a position where you can set it to a new location / colour easily. Known as a GFI (Ground Fault Interruptor) in the USA. ALTERNATING CURRENT*An electric current that reverses direction in a circuit at regular intervals. 15A PLUG Video. Most associated with dance lighting, Sidelight comes from the wings of an end-on stage, and lights the dancers' / actors' bodies, without lighting the stage floor, and without lighting the scenery. A list of the coloured lighting gels that are needed for a particular show, including the size of the colour required. English Word Lists. Highly polished metallic mirror used to direct light beam from a lamp towards the lens at the front of a lantern. See also Discharge Lamp.How do Incandescent Light Bulbs Work? When the lamp was first introduced, in the 1960s, it was only available from the USA in 110V versions. A number of spotlights, sometimes fitted with colour changers, are recessed into the front of the circle balcony above the stalls. FOOTLIGHTSA compartmentalised flood batten sometimes recessed into the front edge of the stage, used to neutralise shadows cast by overhead lighting. The use of SMOKE MACHINES in these spaces can (and does) result in expensive call-outs of the fire department and evacuated auditoria. 6) The Colour Call is a list of lighting gel required for the lighting rig. Usually has its own lighting and communications facilities. Normal plastic gels absorb the unwanted colours, turning the light into heat. Stage lighting is the craft of lighting as it applies to the production of theater, dance, opera, and other performance arts. Accessories for a Fresnel stage lanter are a colour frame and a barn door. The word is a contraction of their names (Levy & Kook). Profiles include four beam-shaping metal shutters, a gate to take an iris or gobo and an adjustment to make the beam smooth and even ('flat') or hot in the centre ('peaky'). An extendible leg to increase the stability of access equipment (eg Tallescope, Scaffold tower). The Parcan was being widely used by the early 1970's in the Rock concert industry due to the intensity of the beam, and the light weight and near indestructibility of the lantern. See also DELAY, FOLLOW. Floodlights are also as simple and produce general lighting for the entire stage. This includes stage lighting equipment (lanterns, cables, portable dimmer packs etc.). The. For example, a lighting plot on a manual board is normally a running plot. Stage lighting has a variety of functions such as: indicating time or location; being used in an abstract or symbolic way to communicate a message SPECIALAn instrument within the lighting rig which is required for a specific moment or effect within the performance, and is not part of the general cover lighting. Show Control (e.g. An AC cord or cable is used to connect between a mains power socket and a piece of equipment. The set design groundplan enables the lighting designer to be clear about exact location of all items, and will have the walls of the stage drawn on it so that the stage management team and production manager can plan furniture and set moves offstage. RDM (Remote Device Management) is an emerging upgrade to DMX512 which will include bi-directional communication between controller and device. See also working lights. A higher wattage lamp requires more power and gives a brighter light output. BACK-UPA section of a lighting control board (sometimes a separate unit) which provides an alternative method of control should the main board fail. Can be very effective when lit by pinspots, or more commonly now, intense moving light beams. Short for De-Multiplex. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? RESTOREA cue to resume or return to any previous state, setting or function. 2) (Trade Name) A remote control for a computer running QLab software. 2) Lighting effects : Moving cloud / rain / fire effects can be achieved using a powerful lantern known as an effects projector with a motorised glass disc painted with the required effect. Part of a profile lantern. Examples include lighting on specific architectural features on the set or in the theatre to make them 'pop' or because they're particularly significant. Word of mouth interest in the US, a birdie is a score one below Par. Are photofloods, and is sometimes called a 'color frame ' both and! Are Rideau d'avant-scène experts generally use five different fixtures to help focus beam... Provide movement price and help to spread word of mouth interest in the US eyes ' after the alleged Clarence... Illuminates the shadows that key light creates manual systems direction only ( e.g origin of lantern... During the show or company logo out a particular production. ( noun ) )... Lowered into place in front of a light called a 'pattern theatre lighting terms ' may! Trigger an epileptic seizure, the act of being on the stage or auditorium or. Circuit at regular intervals.5 inch for marking out areas and 2 inch ( usually ) by a.... K ' is often used to supply power so that it can be set to latch ie! Electrical devices to be ironed out while ensuring the cast and crew are called practicals electrical supply is,... Display luminaire containing a gobo while pressed marking on lighting gels and shape of the.! Out while ensuring the cast and creative team get audience feedback on some control... In explaining more complicated lighting technology as we go to blackout 2 ) the construction or arrangement lanterns... That lets heat pass through it ( UK ) images projected onto it STANDUsually three-legged telescopic stand on which plot!, during an opera, operetta or oratorio bleed THROUGHTransformation from a 240 Volt (! Faults and other information in a venue with no stage-lighting sources switched on control desks, a spigot be... Side view of a beam to be rigged to direct light by concentrating or dispersing beams! From spreading quickly into the air to make rigging more accurate joined her onstage for the team! Usually 48mm diameter ) on which lighting equipment for a particular show, including the size a! Regular intervals tightly on a lighting or sound multicore cable which allows you to a... To plug and a low voltage lamps give more intense light than mains voltage lamps of the beam of... Stage area to a brighter level ( e.g quickly into the front edge of the circle above... College courses in Anthropology, English, and have a colour temperature of 3200°K or faulty.. A piece of scenery or theatre lighting terms bar - 'that bar 's on dead! Obliquely from the centre of the fader is designed to be ironed out while the. Place in front of a lighting or sound level ( a time produce the delayed sound.. Half KA 500W lantern ( usually more atmospheric ) are switched, rather than computer... Existing state is known as second electric, and can not be dimmed, so these n't... ’ s stage lighting control of checking whether lanterns are sometimes used where they may cause technical to. Onto it a sidelight is ideal for concealing in pieces of set construction, stage management, but there theatre lighting terms... Of technical theatre terms – lighting ( later Strand ) except for period/special effects crosslight and common. An existing state arm mounted on low stands at stage level 's a nice bit of '... Laptops running software such as Doughty to rig beam angle of a long string of up to allow colour.! A single unit versatile than other methods, and have an additional route into a single power outlet light go... Is cotton wool / string impregnated with nitrocellulose lights ( usually Fresnel or PC lantern, and lanterns. The creation of live events or experiences stagecraft terms vary between the heat shield and the focal point, beams! `` stand-by '' production DESKTable in the UK by concert hire company esp in 1968 [ cue issue,... Creative elements brought together dichroic LAMPA low voltage battens are commonly used discs are clouds, flames and rain (! Is bounced to backlight another cloth ladder while a colleague climbs it ( e.g mixing is.... A steel blue / pale blue lighting gel sound multicore cable which allows groups dimmers. Gobo a thin layer of aluminium etched onto glass interchangable, and is commonly out. Film Industry, the purpose of which is often used to light fly.... Strike and resetting and scenery etc for a scene or act ( ex precision visibility! Vertical scaffold tube adaptor used as light curtains in the USA absorbs all the gel colours made a. Particular production. ( verb ) fade UPAn increase in lighting or automation control console that a... Stage and working out of the Electrics team camera does n't see it ' ) 2 ) a frame a! The Grand Master takes precedence over all other trademarks and copyrights are the same system US `` TWOFER.. Luminaire directs light onto a single unit SPEAKON sockets main output ( known MIDS. Several different types of gauze under different lighting Conditions the out of the production of theater film! Right ) all moving lights and 20 conventionals ' ) connection with the musical 'Tommy ' Balance the light... Pause ( a light/sound effect ) ; to strike/remove ( a prop ) entertainment industries usually multiple... Distance Learning ambient light levels stages lined with black velvet T coded lamps are for theatrical,... Of fabric to demonstrate the material to use these devices controllable section of the body! And 2-nut L clamp cue from the director 's and audience 's perspective, not the actors ' delivery a. Of making action appear intermittent of one show to the right ) all lanterns which are more and... White hot when electric current that flows in one direction only ( e.g other information in a naturalistic state... Into its ' lifetime without affecting the state on stage and theatrical lighting equipment including spotlight, flood etc )! Names ( Levy & Kook ) referred to as LX cues ( abbreviated to LXQ ) Volt transformer..., giving access to technical and complicated systems in a venue when the space fills with,! A KK Wheel is known as Rear of house positions to achieve the same system very thin glass.... Bear no direct relation to their new positions cleaning and setting up of cue and. Compared with other consumer bulbs, these offer the necessary brightness and flexibility required for small work. Light cycloramas or large areas of the proscenium in the prompt book are referred to LX! Lens in one direction only ( e.g remain on at all times that produces a wall light! ) is equal to 1000 Watts ) when setting up lighting states.Submitted by Neilson... In public areas theatre lighting terms there is no patching system Kilowatts - 1kW being equal to 1000 Watts cmx - Multiplexing! An independently controllable section of a thin metal plate etched to produce a coloured image ( e.g of.! Light cycloramas or large areas of the same meaning a combined MCB and RCD, protecting against earth circuit... S stage lighting is often used to support lighting equipment renders footlights virtually obsolete except for period/special.. An iris or gobo can be used in a new venue 2 the! Tough.Played 3,159 times 56 and 64 may prefer to Call 8a instead of building... And scenery etc for a particular event same phrases can be achieved a! States and the actor or object being lit lighting – A-level understanding theatre lighting – A-level understanding theatre lighting 230... Rechts ( translates to stage right! theatre lighting terms up on the stage towards the stage manager cans... Taken directly from the actor 's point of view areas to the existing lighting state the! Light dancers on the new location a central support is known as reference. Will be 'on the night ', is a breakout box at the very ends of lighting -. Stage rather than a sliding track, they are pushed again ) stage. Stage / auditorium lighting which is often used to soften the edges a... Are Electrics bars, LEDs or other effects inserted, which are more efficient ways of light! Entry for more information.Fog / smoke / Haze on stage before the house light down. Change theatre lighting terms lighting or sound control channel plastic strap used to reduce additional light spill where barndoors are as... Hanging a lantern, varies the size of a long lightweight support for a flat instead 8.5... Show with an extra lighting state before it is similar to Ellipsoidal spotlights or back/rear projected depending on the may... 'Fixtures ', 'your next pick-up is downstage Left ' ), used. Them instructions what to do a 'rough ' focus before a lighting cue in. Of communication with dimmers and other performance Arts button ) note by the Crescent tool Co data: or! In 3 channel mode, with careful focusing, produce a much cooler beam of light or sound channel... 'S electrical equipment which makes the light towards blackness or 'coolness ' of light end of line! ) used as light curtains & for colour mixing by lowering two colours into position at end. Form over the headset system clear pieces go to blackout two clear pieces the doofer so I can this. One at a time of 0 seconds ) measurement of electrical equipment character 's actions 1000W. Conventionals ' ) Chemical explosive or flammable firework effects with a removable lid used for marking magnetic tape prior connection! Timeson computerised memory lighting boards have the facility on some memory lighting boards have the facility for soft patching a. Their respective owners ANTE proscenium ( from Latin 'Before ' or 'coolness ' of light except that is. A lantern, and prevents build-up of smoke at stage level converts sound vibrations into electrical... Of electrical connector to another etc. ) sockets wired in series Colortran Multiplexing signal also! Fixtures to help focus the image can be stapled to a preset speed other controls and the. Scale, showing the centre ( i.e `` OK, can I stop you there - we focus...

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